One of the most frequently asked questions is: how to recognize an authentic coral? The doubt is as legitimate as it gets, since that coral is a material about the which – after all – people don’t talk so much.

To answer this question in the best possible way, we want to start from explaining you what coral is. Actually, coral is a calcareous secretion that is produced by tiny octopuses, which release it to provide themselves with protection and support. Then, these secretions tend to aggregate, giving birth to colonies.

So, true coral is not simply a stone, as it may seem, but an organic material which, growing, seems to stretch out its branches towards the sea surface, beyond that veil of water that divides it from the hand of a skilful craftsman.

Now that you know the origins of this beautiful material, all you have to do is just going on with reading our article and find out how to understand if a coral is authentic or not. By doing this, you will finally have no doubts regarding the price of that red coral necklace that you loved so much!


How many types of coral are there? A simple guide starting from the colour!


So to distinguish a true coral from the many fakes in circulation, it is essential to know that in nature there are various types of coral, with different colours. The colour of the coral changes with the sea in which it is fished and at the depth at which it has been found by an experienced diver. In particular, what happens is that the diver arrives and, carefully, takes only the biggest branches, leaving there the smaller ones which will grow in the future.

Mediterranean Coral: The Corallium Rubrum

Corallium Rubrum is a Mediterranean Sea coral. This type of coral goes from the deep red to the dark orange. The famous Sciacca coral is part of this family too. Fished along the stunning coasts of Sicily, it is known for its orange colour, that can be intense or of a more delicate salmon colour.


In the picture, an example of Mediterranean coral. All credits to: Sardegna Turismo


Pacific Coral: The Corallium Elatius, Secundum and Japonicum

Pacific coral is the one fished, as suggested by its name, in the Pacific Ocean. It is divided into Corallium Elatius, Secundum and Japonicum, depending on the colour. In fact, the Corallium Elatius has four different categories: Momo (from peach to salmon colour); Satsuma (characterised by reddish shades); Magai (dark pink) and Angel Skin (light pink colour, almost pale).   

The Corallium Secundum carries all the lightest shades of coral, from Midway (which ranges from the cream colour to the rarer milky-white); to Missu (a light pink coral that can be also powder pink) and Deep Sea (which is characterised by a pink colour with some red spots, as you can see from our Nature earrings).

In the picture, the typical reddish spots which characterize Deep Sea coral                                 on our Nature earring – Moni Lisa


At last but not least, we have the Corallium Japonicum which is fished along the Japanese coasts. This coral, which is also the rarest one, can be recognized from its deep red colour, similar to the colour of blood. An amazing example of Aka coral (which is one of the name used to indicate the Corallium Japonicum) can be appreciated on the website of Massa Gioconda, the company that gave birth to our brand.


How to know that the coral is authentic? Let’s start with learning the characteristics of each type of coral


Talking about Mediterranean coral, a way to understand if the one we are looking at is a real one or a fake is to observe it carefully. As a matter of fact, as we have seen before, coral is an organic material and for this reason it has some natural imperfections (such as spots or porosities) that make us easier to understand if the coral is authentic or not. However, it is important to know that good corals are as homogeneous as possible.

So, keep attention to what you buy! Let the combination of high price and coral with lots of spots and porosities be a wake-up call for you!

Foe what concerns Pacific coral, its physical feature is a typical white veining on the back or in the middle that goes from the bottom to the top of the branches.


Three tips to recognize a true coral jewel


Now, let’s talk about three useful tips that can help you to recognize a true coral jewel:

  1. If the Mediterranean coral is authentic, it will not only have all the characteristics overcited, but it will also produce a sound similar to the glass one when touched;
  2. Putting the coral near your face, it should be cold;
  3. If you notice some jewels with coral stone with a low price, keep attention. The highest quality coral, especially if of big dimensions, is precious and expensive. To understand this, you should consider that the value of corals increases over the years.

This aspect should be considered as an advantage, as it means that coral jewels – apart from being of a timeless elegance – represent a truly investment


Jewelry care: how to take care of your coral jewels


Now that you have made the best choice, you just need to take care of your coral jewels. To do that, we tell you some of the things you should avoid so to preserve your coral from spots and bleaching phenomena:

  • Do not leave the coral nearby heat sources
  • Store your coral jewels in a ventilate place
  • Do not spray the perfume on your coral jewels and clean them with a linen cloth after having put them on or touched them
  • Do not use any kind of acid. To clean any yellow or brown stains that could be appeared on your coral, place it in a glass with 40% of hydrogen peroxide and 60% of running water; leaving it under natural light until all stains have disappeared.

After all, coral is nothing but a living material, whose beauty also lies in the care it requires. When you buy a coral jewel, you decide to take with you something that will stay with you for the rest of your life, passing from generation to generation.

Something that, over the years, does not remain unchanged but bears the marks of your gestures, your touches.

In the end, we could say that a coral jewel is like a woman’s face: it needs care, delicacy and attention, but it becomes more and more beautiful.

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